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Problems on Seating Arrangement

Problems on Seating Arrangement are based on given clues regarding seating of persons in a linear or circular order. These kind of problems are very important in competitive exams and they are easy to solve. To answer these questions, read the question thoroughly and understand it clearly. Now based on the given clues draw a diagrammatical order, this will give you hundred percent correct answers. Let us do a simple example to know moew.

Example: Six persons A,B,C,D,E and F are sitting in two rows, three in each row. E is not at the end of any row D is second to the left of F. C the neighbour of E, E is sitting diagonally opposite to D. B is the neighbour of F.

1.Which of the following are sitting diagonally opposite to each other?
(a) F and C   (b) D and A   (c) A and C   (d) A and F   (e) A and B

2.Who is facing B?
(a) A   (b) C   (c) D   (d) E   (e) F

3.Which of the following are in same row?
(a)A and E   (b) E and D   (c) C and B   (d) A and B   (e) C and E

4.Which of the following are in one of the two rows?
(a) FBC   (b) CEB   (c) DBF   (d) AEF   (e) ABF

5.After interchanging seat with E, who will be the neighbours of D in the new position?
(a) C and A   (b) F and B   (c) only B   (d) only A   (e) only C

Solution : From the above given information we can analyze the seating as :
E is not at end so, E must be in the middle of one of the rows.
D is second to the left of F so, order of rows must be D_F.
C is neighbour of E and is sitting diagonally opposite to D means C is under F in the other row i,e D _ F _ E C.
B is neighbour of F, s the arrangement must be D B F A E C.

1) Other than D and C, A and F are sitting diagonally opposite to each other,as seen in the arrangement. So the answer is (d).
2) Clearly, E is opposite to B in the other row . So ,E is facing B and the answer is (d).
3) Clearly, from amongst the given alternatives, A and E are in the same row. So the answer is (d).
4) From amongst the given alternatives, D,B and F are in the same row. So, the answer is (c).
5) Neighbours of E are A and C. So, on interchanging the seat with E, the new neighbours of D will be A and C. So the answer is (a).

Directions ( 1 - 5 ) : Study the following information to answer the given questions :

M, N, O, P, Q and R seated in a circle facing the centre. M and O are seated adjacent to each other and Q and N are also adjacent to each other. N is to the immediate left of R. There are 2 persons between P and Q. M is not seated adjacent to Q.

1) Who is to the immediate left of Q?

a) O
b) N
c) R
d) cannot be determined
e) None of these

2) How many persons are seated between R and Q if we go anti clock wise from R to Q?

a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) cannot be determined
e) None of these

Directions ( 3 - 5 ) : Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on their seating positions in the above arrangement and so form a group.

3) Which is the one that does not belong to the group?

a) OR
b) RO
c) NM
d) NP
e) PQ

4)

a) PM
b) MR
c) OQ
d) QN
e) MO

5)

a) NQO
b) OMP
c) RPM
d) PRN
e) MPR

Answers :

1) a) O.
2) c) 3.
3) d) NP. In the pairs OR, RO, NM and PQ, the persons in the pairs are opposite to each other except the pair NP.
4) b) MR. In all pairs except MR the first person is immediate left of second person whereas in MR first person ( M ) is second right of the second person (R).
5) c) RPM. In all groups except RPM, the persons in the groups are in clockwise direction from left to right while in RPM the persons are in anti clock wise direction from left to right.

Directions ( 6 - 10 ) : Study the following information to answer the given questions :

Q, R, S, T, U and V are seated in a straight line facing North. S is second to the right of T and T is second to the right of Q. R is to the left of Q and is second to the left of V.

6) If S : T and T : Q , then U : ?

a) T
b) Q
c) R
d) V
e) S

7) What is Q's position with respect to S?

a) Second to left
b) Third to left
c) Fifth to left
d) Immediate next
e) None of these

8) How many persons are seated between T and V?

a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) 4
e) None of these

9) Which of the following represents persons seated at the two extremes?

a) SQ
b) US
c) SR
d) RQ
e) None of these

10) Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on their seating positions in the above arrangement and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to the group?

a) UT
b) VT
c) US
d) QV
e) RQ

Answers :

6) d) V. S is second to the right of T, T is second to the right of Q in the same way U is second to the right of V.
7) e) None of these ( fourth left ).
8) e) None of these (None is there between T and V ).
9) c) SR.
10) a) UT. In all pairs except UT, the first person is sitting immediate left of second person whereas in UT the first person ( U ) sitting immediate right of second person ( T ).

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