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Computer abbreviations for Bank exams

A

ABI: Application Binary Interface
ABR: Available Bit Rate
AC97: Audio Codec 97
ACB: Access method Control Block
ACDS: Active Control Data Set
ACE: Asynchronous Communications Element
ACF: Advanced Communication Facility
ACIA: Asynchronous Communications Interface Adapter
ADO: ActiveX Data Object
AI: Artificial Intelligence
AIU: Application Interface Unit
ALGOL: Algorithmic Language
ALU: Arithmetic and Logic Unit
ANSI: American National Standards Institute
API: Application Programming Interface
ARP: Address Resolution Protocol
ARPANET: Advanced Research Projects Agency Network
ASCII: American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASF: Advanced Streaming Format
ASP: Active Server Pages
ASO: Application Service Object
ASP: Active Server Pages
ATM: Asynchronous Transfer Mode
AUI: Attachment Unit Interface
AVI: Audio Video Interleave

B

BASIC: Beginner`s All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
BCD: Binary Coded Decimal
BCPL: Basic Combined Programming Language
BDPS:: Business Data Processing Systems
BHTML: Broadcast Hyper Text Markup Language
BIOS: Basic Input/ Output System
BIU: Bus Interface Unit
BMP: Bitmap
BIT: Binary Digit
BPS: Bits per Second
BSI: British Standards Institute

C

C-DAC: Centre For Development Of Advanced Computing
CAD: Computer Aided Design
CADD: Computer Added Drafting And Design
CAI: Computer Aided Instructuion
CASE: Computer Aided Software Engineering
CCU: Communication Control Unit
CD: Compact Disk
CDMA: Code Division Multiple Access
CDMA: Code Division Multiple Access
CDROM: Compact Disc Read Only Memory
CFG: Control Flow Graph
CGM: Computer Graphics Metafile
CGI: Common Gateway Interface
CMOS: Cellular Management Operation System
COBOL: Common Business Oriented Language
COM: Common Object Model
CPI: Clock Cycle Per Instruction
CPU: Central Processing Unit
CRC: Cyclic Redundancy Check
CRM: Customer Relationship Management
CROM: Control Read Only Memory
CRT: Cathode Ray Tube
CUI: Character User Interface
CSS: Cascading Style Sheet
D
DAC: Digital To Analog Converter
DAO: Data Access Objects
DARPANET: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Network
DB: Database
DBMS: Data Base Management System
DCL: Data Control Language
DCOM: Distributed Component Object Model
DCP: Data Communication Processor
DDL: Data Definition Language
DDP: Distributed Data Processing
DFD: Data Flow Diagram
DFS: Distributed File System
DHCP: Dynamic Host Control Protocol
DHTML: Dynamics Hyper Text Markup Language
DLC: Data Link Control
DLL: Dynamic Link Library
DMA: Direct Memory Access
DML: Data Manipulation Language
DTP: Desktop Publishing
DNS: Domain Name Server (System)
DOM: Document Object Model
DOS: Disk Operating System, Denial Of Service
DPI: Dots Per Inch
DRAM: Dynamic Random Access Memory
DSL: Digital Subscriber Line
DSN: Digital Subscriber Network
DTD: Document Type Definition
DVD: Digital Versatile Disc

E

EAROM: Electrically Alterable Read Only Memory
EBCDIC: Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
EDC: Electronic Digital Computer
EDCDIC: Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
EEPROM: Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
EFS: Encrypted File System
EJB: Enterprise Java Beans
ENIAC: Electronics Numerical Integrator And Calculator
EDP: Electronic Data Processing
EPROM: Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
ERP: Enterprise Resource Planning
ESC: Escape
EULA: End User License Agreement

F

FAT: File Allocation Table
FBA: Fix Block Architecture
FDD: Floppy Disk Drive
FDDI: Fiber Distributed Data Interface
FDMA: Frequency Division Multiple Access
FIFO: First In First Out
FLOPS: Floating Point Operations Per Second
FO: Fiber Optics
FORTRAN: Formula Translator
FPS: Frames Per Second
FRAM: Ferro Electric Random Access Memory
FT: Fault Tolerant
FTP: File Transfer Protocol

G

GB: Giga Byte
GIF: Graphics Interchange Format
GIGO: Garbage In Garbage Out
GML: General Markup Language
GPL: General Public License
GUI: Graphical User Interface

H

HDD: Hard Disk Drive
HFS: Hierarchical File System
HLL: High Level Language
HP: Hewlett Packard
HPC: High Performance Computing
HPFS: High Performance File System
HSR: Horizontal Scan Rate
HTML: Hypertext Markup Language
HTTP: Hypertext Transfer Protocol

I

I-Net: Intranet
I/O: Input/ Output
IBM: International Business Machines
IC: Integrated Circuit
ICMP: Internet Control Message Protocol
ICS: Reduce Instruction Set Computer
ICT: Information And Communication Technology
IDE: Integrated Development Environment
IE: Internet Explorer
IEEE: Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
IGMP: Internet Group Management Protocol
IL: Intermediate Language
IMS: Information Management System
IOP: InputOutput Processor
IP: Internet Protocol
IPX: Internetworked Packet Exchange
IRAM: Integration Ram
IRC: Internet Relay Chat
IRDA: Infrared Data Association
IRQ: Interrupt Request
IS: Information System
ISAPI: Internet Server Application Program Interface
ISDN: Integrated Services Digital Network
ISO: International Standard Organization
ISP: Internet Service Provider
ISR: Interrupt Service Routine
IT: Information Technology
ITPL: Information Technology Park Limited (India)

J

JCL: Job Control Language
JDBC: Java Data Base Connectivity
JHTML: Java Within Hyper Text Markup Language
JPEG: Joint Photographic Experts Group
JSP: Java Server Pages

K

KB: Kilo Bytes
KBPS: Kilo Bytes Per Second
KIPS: Kilo Instructions per second

L

LAN: Local Area Network
LCD: Liquid Crystal Display
LCS: Lotus Communication Server
LDAP: Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
LED: Light Emitting Diode
LIFO: Last In, First Out
LILO: Last In, Last Out
LIPS: Logical Interfaces Per Second
LSI: Large Scale Integration
LSP: Layered Service Provider
LOC: Lines of Code
LU: Logical Unit

M

MAC: Media Access Control
MAN: Metropolitan Area Network
MB: Mega Byte
MBPS: Mega Bits per Second
MBR: Master Boot Record
MCP: Microsoft Certified Professional
MCS: Multicast Server
MDI: Multiple Document Interface
MDS: Microcomputer Development System
MFC: Microsoft Foundation Classes
MFT: Master File Table
MICR: MagneticInk Characters Reader
MIDI: Musical Instrument Digital Interface
MIMD: Multiple Instruction Multiple Data
MIME: Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
MIPS: Millions Of Instructions Per Second
MISD: Multiple Instruction Single Data
MODEM: Modulator And Demodulator
MP3: Motion Pictures Experts Group Layer 3
MPEG: Motion Picture Experts Group
MSDN: Microsoft Developer Network
MS-DOS: Microsoft Disk Operating System
MSIL: Microsoft Intermediate Language
MSMQ: Microsoft Message Queue
MSN: Microsoft Network
MSRAP: Microsoft Remote Administration Protocol
MSRPC: Microsoft Remote Procedure Call
MTS: Microsoft Transaction Server
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit
MUDS: MultiUser Dungeons

N

NAC: Network Adapter Card
NAS: Network Access Server
NASSCOM: National Association Of Software & Service Companies
NCP: Network Control Protocol
NDIS: Network Driver Interface Specification
NDRO: Nondestructive Read Out
NETBEUI: Netbios Enhanced User Interface
NFS: Network File System
NIC: Network Interface Card
NTFS: New Technology File System
NTP: Network Time Protocol
NUL: Null

O

OCR: Optical Character Readers
ODBC: Open Data Base Connectivity
OLE: Object Linking And Embedding
OMR: Optical Mark Reader
ONE: Open Network Architecture
OOA: Object Orient Analysis
OOAD: Object Oriented Analysis And Design
OI: Object Interface
OI: Object Interface
OLTP: On-Line Transaction Processing
OODBMS: Object Oriented DBMS
OOPL: Object Oriented Programming Language
OOPS: Object Oriented Programming System
OS: Operating System
OSI: Open System Interconnection
OTPROM: One Time Programmable ROM

P

PC: Personal Computer
PCI: Peripheral Component Interconnect
PCMCIA: Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
PDA: Personal Digital Assistant
PDF: Program Development Facility
PDL: Page Description Language
PDU: Protocol Data Unit
PEARL: Processor and Experiment Automation Real time Language
PIB: Program Information Block
PIC: Programming Interrupt Control
PILOT: Programmed Inquiry Learning Or Teaching
PLA: Programmable Logic Array
PLC: Programmable Logic Controller
PNG: Portable Network Graphics
PNP: Plug And Play
PPP: Peer To Peer Protocol
PPTP: Point To Point Tunneling Protocol
PROM: Programmable Read Only Memory
PS: Post Script

R

RAID: Redundant Array of Independent Disk
RAM: Random Access Memory
RAMDAC: Random Access Memory Digital To Analog Converter
RAS: Remote Access Network
RDBMS: Relational Data Base Management System
RDO: Remote Data Objects
RDP: Remote Desktop Protocol
RFC: Request For Comments
RGB: Red Green Blue
RICS: Reduced Instruction Set Computer
RIFF: Resource Interchange File Format
ROM: Read Only Memory
RPC: Remote Procedure Call
RPM: Revolutions per Minute
RTF: Rich Text Format

S

SAM: Security Access Manager
SAP: Service Access Point
SCCS: Source Code Control System
SCMP: Software Configuration Management Plan
SCSI: Small Computer Systems Interface
SFT: System Fault Tolerance
SD RAM: Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
SDD: Software Design Description
SDK: Software Development Kit
SDL: Storage Definition Language
SDN: Integrated Service Digital Network
SMTP: Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
SNA: System Network Architecture
SIM: Subscriber Identification Module
SIMD: Single Instruction Multiple Data
SISD: Single Instruction Single Data
SIU: Serial Interface Unit
SMP: Symmetric MultiProcess
SMS: Short Message Service
SNAP: Sub Network Access Protocol
SNMP: Simple Network Management Protocol
SNOBOL: String Oriented Symbolic Language
SOAP: Simple Object Access Protocol
SPX: Sequenced Packet Exchange
SQA: Statistical Quality Assurance
SQL: Structured Query Language
SRAM: Static Random Access Memory
SRS: Software Requirements Specification
STP: Shielded Twisted Pair
SVVP: Software Verification And Validation Plan
SW: Software
SQL: Structured Query Language

T

TB: Tera Bytes
TCP/IP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
TDI: Transport Data Interface
TDMA: Time Division Multiple Access
TIFF: Tagged Image File Format
TPM: Transactions Processing Monitor
TSR: Terminate And Stay Residents

U

UDP: User Datagram Protocol
UI: User Interface
UML: Unified Modelling Language
UNC: Universal Naming Convention
UNIX: Uniplexed Information And Computer Systems
UPS: Uninterruptible Power Supply
URL: Uniform Resource Locator
USB: Universal Serial Bus
USRT: Universal Synchronous Receiver Transmitted
UTP: Unshielded Twisted Pair

V

VAN: Virtual Area Network
VAST: Very Small Aperture Terminal
VB: Visual Basic
VC++: Visual C++
VCD: Video Compact Disc
VDL: View Definition Language
VGA: Video Graphics Array
VHS: Video Home System
VLIW: Very Long Instruction Words
VLSI: Very Large Scale Integrated Circuits
VPN: Virtual Private Network
VRAM: Video Random Access Memory
VRML: Virtual Reality Modelling Language
VS: Visual Studio
VSNL: Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited
VVR: Software Validation And Validation Report
VXD: Virtual Device Driver

W

W3C: World Wide Web Consortium
WAIS: Wide Area Information Servers
WAN: Wide Area Network
WAP: Wireless Application Protocol
WBEM: WebBase Enterprise Management
WDM: Wave Division Multiplexing
WHQL: Windows Hardware Quality Lab
WINDOWS ME: Windows Millennium Edition
WINDOWS NT: Windows New Technology
WINDOWS XP: Windows Experienced
WINS: Windows Internet Name Service
WMI: Windows Management Instrumentation
WML: Wireless Markup Language
WORM: Write Once Read Many
WSH: Windows Script Host
WWW: World Wide Web

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